Person:G.yu sgra snying po

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Tibetan: Person:G.yu sgra snying po

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From Wikipedia:

'Yudra Nyingpo' (Tib: གཡུ་སྒྲ་སྙིང་པོ wylie: g.yu sgra snying po) was one of the chief disciples of Vairotsana and one of the principal 'translators' of the first translation stage of texts into Tibetan.

Yudra Nyingpo became one of the greatest masters of Nyingma Dzogchen Semde and Longde teachings:

"Yudra Nyingpo was a prince of Gyalmo Tsawe Rong (Gyarong) in Eastern Tibet. In Gyarong, Yudra Nyingpo received teachings from Vairocana, who was exiled in the area for a certain period of time. Studying with Vairocana, Yudra Nyingpo became a great scholar and translator. Later he traveled to Central Tibet and received teachings from Guru Rinpoche and he became one of the greatest masters of semde and longde teachings of Dzogpa Chenpo in Tibet."[1]

Yudra Nyingpo translated many works, including the 'Thirteen Later Translations' (Tib: ཕྱི་འགྱུར་བཅུ་གསུམ་, Wylie: phyi 'gyur bcu gsum)[2] of the 'Eighteen Major Scriptural Transmissions of the Mind Series' (sems sde lung chen po bco brgyad):

  1. Tsemo Chung-gyal (Supreme Peak) (Tib: རྩེ་མོ་བྱུང་རྒྱལ, Wylie: rtse mo byung rgyal)
  2. Namkha'i Gyalpo (King of Space) (Tib: རྣམ་ མཁའི་རྒྱལ་ རྒྱལ་པོ, Wylie: rnam mkha'i rgyal po)
  3. Dewa Thrulkod (Jewel-Encrusted Bliss Ornament) (Tib: བདེ་བ་འཕྲུལ་བཀོད, Wylie: bde ba 'phrul bkod)
  4. Dzogpa Chiching (All-Encompassing Perfection) (Tib: རྫོགས་པ་སྤྱི་ཆིངས, Wylie: rdzogs pa spyi chings)
  5. Changchub Semtig (Essence of Bodhicitta) (Tib: བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་ཏིག, Wylie: byang chub sems tig)
  6. Dewa Rabjam (Infinite Bliss) (Tib: བདེ་བ་རབ་འབྱམས, Wylie: bde ba rab 'byams)
  7. Sog-gi Khorlo (Wheel of Life) (Tib: སྲོག་གི་འཁོར་ལ, Wylie: srog gi 'khor lo)
  8. Thigle Trugpa (Six Spheres) (Tib: ཐིག་ལེ་དྲུག་པ་, Wylie: thig le drug pa)
  9. Dzogpa Chichod (All-Penetrating Perfection) (Tib: རྫོགས་པ་སྤྱི་སྤྱོད, Wylie: rdzogs pa spyi spyod)
  10. Yidzhin Norbu (Wish-Fulfilling Jewel) (Tib: ཡིད་བཞིན་ནོར་བུ, Wylie: yid bzhin nor bu)
  11. Kundu Rigpa (All-unifying Pure Presence) (Tib: ཀུན་ཏུ་རིག་པ, Wylie: kun tu rig pa)
  12. Jetsun Tampa (Supreme Lord) (Tib: རྗེ་བཙན་དམ་པ་, Wylie: rje btsan dam pa)
  13. Gonpa Tontrub (The Realization of the True Meaning of Meditation) (Tib: སྒོམ་པ་དོན་གྲུབ་, Wylie: sgom pa don grub)

Liljenberg (2009: p.51) holds that there are variances in the listing of the Thirteen Later Translations:

"The earliest lists of titles of the Thirteen Later Translations are found in the writings of the twelfth century treasure revealer Nyang Ral Nyi ma 'od zer. He gives two lists, one in his Zangs gling ma biography of Padmasambhava, and the other in his religious history, the Me tog snying po. There are significant differences between the two lists, however, and subsequent lists drawn up by various authors also show marked variations, symptomatic of continuing fluidity in the composition of this group of texts."[3]


  1. Mindrolling International (2010). "The History of Mindrolling: Part III". Source: [1] (accessed: Thursday April 15, 2010)
  2. Dharma Dictionary (December, 2005). 'phyi 'gyur bcu gsum'. Source: [2] (accessed: Thursday April 15, 2010)
  3. Liljenberg, Karen (October, 2009). "On the history and identification of two of the Thirteen Later Translations of the Dzogchen Mind Series." Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines, Number 17, Octobre 2009. Source: [3] (accessed: Thursday April 15, 2010), p.51

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